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CV1012 Fluid Mechanics

[Lecture: 26 hrs ; Tutorial: 13 hrs; Lab: 0 hr; Pre-requisite: Nil; Academic Unit: 3]


Learning Objective :

To introduce the basic principles of fluid mechanics and the concepts of dimensional analysis and similitude; applications of the principles to internal pipe flows and fluid machines.

Course Content :

Fluid statics. Elementary fluid dynamics. Momentum equation and its application. Dimensional analysis and similitude. Internal flows, piping and pump systems.

Course Outline :

S/N

Topic

1.

Fluid statics and manometers.

2.

Hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surfaces.

3.

Buoyancy and stability of floating bodies

4.

Description of fluid motion. Classification of flow. System and control volume

5.

Continuity equation. Bernoulli's equation and its application

6.

Momentum equation for steady flow. Forces on objects

7.

Buckingham Pi theorem. Significance of dimensionless groups

8.

Similitude and scale models

9.

Laminar and turbulent flows in pipes. Energy concepts in pipe flows

10.

Darcy-Weisbach equation and Moody diagram. Frictional and minor losses. Basic pipe network analysis

11.

Principles of fluid machines. Performance characteristics of pumps. Similarity laws. Specific speed and machine selection. System characteristics and matching. Cavitation and NPSH. Pumps in parallel and series


Learning Outcome

The course will lay the foundation for the design of engineering structures against hydrostatic forces, as well as the operation of engineering works that regulate the conveyance of water in closed conduits.

Textbooks

  1. Munson, B.R., Young, D.F. and Okiishi, T.H., “Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics”. 6th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2010.

References

  1. Franzini, J.B. and Finnemore, E.J., “Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications”, 10th Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2002.​