Curriculum Structure


CV2011 Structural Analysis I

[Lectures: 26 hrs; Tutorials: 13 hrs; Lab: 0 hr; Pre-requisite: CV1011; Academic Units: 3.0]


Learning Objective

The learning objective of the course is to teach students some fundamental concepts of structural analysis. It aims to equip the students with basic understanding of the theory and application of structural analysis of trusses, beams and frames.

Course Content

Structural forms and classifications; Loads; Structural analysis and design; Idealized structures; Principle of superposition; Equations of equilibrium; Internal forces; Free body diagrams; Determinacy and stability; Simple applications of equilibrium equations; Determinacy and stability of trusses; Analysis of planar trusses; Shear force and bending moment functions of beams; Shear force and bending moment diagrams of beams and frames; Differential equations of deflection curve of beams; Integration of differential equation of deflection curve; Macaulay’s Method; Method of superposition; Moment-area method; Deflections using energy methods for beams, trusses and frames.

Course Outline




Scope of the course. Structural forms and classifications. Loads. Structural analysis and design.


Idealized structures. Principle of superposition. Equations of equilibrium. Internal forces. Free body diagrams.


Determinacy and stability. Applications of equilibrium equations


Introduction to planar trusses. Determinacy and stability of trusses


Analysis of planar trusses. Method of joints. Zero force members. Method of sections


Introduction to beam and frame. International forces and loading


Analysis of simple beam. Shear force and bending moment functions. Shear force and bending moment diagrams.


Deflections of beams. Differential equations of deflection curve. Integration of differential equation of deflection curve


Macaulay’s Method and Method of superposition


Moment-area method


Deflections using energy methods. Principle of conservation of energy. Principle of virtual work (PVW)


Deflections of trusses by PVW


Deflections of beams and frames by PVW

Learning Outcome

On successful completion of the course, students are expected to understand the difference between real structures and idealized systems, and the distribution of forces on structural systems. Students will be equipped with basic knowledge of loading, boundary condition, and equilibrium of systems. They will possess an understanding of the physical response of structures to loading and the effect this has on the response. They will able to perform basic calculations to determine internal forces and deflections of simple structures and appreciate the importance of structural analysis in the design of practical structures.


  1. Hibbeler, RC, Structural Analysis, 8th edition in SI Units, Pearson Prentice‐Hall, 2012 (Call no: TA645.H624 2012)


  1. R.C. Hibbeler, Structural Analysis. Pearson Prentice-Hall, 8th Edition, 2012.Leet, KM,
  2. Uang, C‐M, Gilbert, AM., Fundamentals of Structural Analysis, 4th edition, McGraw‐Hill, 2011 (TA645.L487 2011)
  3. J.M. Gere, Mechanics of Materials. Thomson Brooks/Cole, 6th Edition, 2004.
  4. H.H. West and L.F. Geshwinder, Fundamentals of Structural Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2nd Edition, 2002.
  5. K.M. Leet, C.-M. Uang, A.M. Gilbert, Fundamentals of Structural Analysis. McGraw-Hill, 3rd Edition, 2008.​