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Chu Jian


  • Associate Chair (Faculty), School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Director of Centre For Usable Space (CUS)
  • Co-Director of NTU-JTC Industrial Infrastructure Innovation Centre (I3C)




Professor of Geotechnical Engineering
BEng, PhD
Office: N1-01a-04/N1-01A-10/N1-B2a-10
Tel: (65) 6790-4563P / 5306
Email: cjchu@ntu.edu.sg



Dr. Chu is a professor at the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University (NTU). He is also the Director of the Centre for Usable Space and the Interim Co-Director of the NTU-JTC Industrial Infrastructure Innovation Centre at NTU. He joined NTU in 1991 after receiving his PhD from The University of New South Wales, Australia. Prof Chu also worked for Iowa State University, USA, from 2011 to 2014 as professor and James M. Hoover Chair in Geotechnical Engineering. Dr Chu has more than 25 years’ research and consulting experiences in geotechnical engineering, in particular in the areas of laboratory and in-situ testing, engineering properties of soils, soil improvement and land reclamation.

He is the Vice Chair for ISSMGE TC217 on Land Reclamation, a committee member for ISSMGE Technical Committee TC211 on Ground Improvement and two other ISSMGE technical committees. He was the Chair for ISSMGE TC39 on Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation from 2005 to 2009 and Vice-President of Geotechnical Society of Singapore from 2009 to 2011.

Dr. Chu has published over 300 technical papers in international journals and conferences and holds several patents. He has delivered over 60 keynote or invited lectures at international conferences including the State-of-the-Art Lecture on Construction Processes at the 17th International Conferences on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering in 2009. He is Editor for Acta Geotechnica, Associate Editor for ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, and editorial board member for other 7 international journals. He received the R. M. Quigley Award, 2004, from the Canadian Geotechnical Society for publishing the best paper in the Canadian Geotechnical Journal in 2003 and the Outstanding Geotechnical Engineer Award from the Geotechnical Society of Singapore in 2018. He has been a consultant for many projects and organisations in Singapore and overseas.



Dr Chu's area of expertise includes laboratory and in-situ testing, soil properties, ground improvement, land reclamation, and waste utilisation.


Current Projects

  • Artificial Intelligence Based Geological Modelling and Geo-data Management System for Virtual Singapore

  • Biogeochemistry of Surface Calcification for Creation of Artificial Coral Reefs

  • Innovative Construction Methods for Container Yard Construction with Flexibility for Future Development

  • Innovative Solutions for Urban Underground Construction and Space Creation

  • Pilot Field Trial on the Application of Soft Materials for Reclamation Fill Using Menard Vacuum Consolidation

  • Web-Based 3D GeoData Modelling and Management System (GeM2S)



  • Outstanding Geotechnical Engineer Award from the Geotechnical Society of Singapore in 2018.
  • 2nd S.L. Lee Lecturer, Association of Geotechnical Societies in Southeast Asia, 2016.
  • R. M. Quigley Award from the Canadian Geotechnical Society in 2004.


Books:


  • Indraratna, B., Chu, J. and Rujikiatkamjorn, C. (Editors) (2015). Ground Improvement Case Histories: Embankments with Special Reference to Consolidation and Other Physical Methods. Elsevier, 817p, ISBN: 978-0-08-10092-9.
  • Indraratna, B., Chu, J. and Rujikiatkamjorn, C. (Editors) (2015). Ground Improvement Case Histories: Compaction, Grouting, and Geosynthetics. Elsevier, 778p, ISBN: 978-0-08-100698-6.
  • Indraratna, B., Chu, J. and Rujikiatkamjorn, C. (Editors) (2015). Ground Improvement Case Histories: Chemical, Electrokinetic, Thermal, and Bioengineering Methods. Elsevier, 703p, ISBN: 978-0-08-100191-2.
  • Zhang, X, Chu, J. and Bulut, R. (Editors) (2014). Soil Behavior and Geomechnics, ASCE Special Publication GSP 236. ISBN: 978-7844-1338-8.
  • Chu, J., Wardani, S.P.R., and Iizuka, A. (Editors). (2013). Geotechnical Predictions and Practice in Dealing with Geohazards. Springer, 394p, ISBN: 978-94-007-5674-8.
  • Wardani, S.P.R., Chu, J., Lo, S-C R., Iai, S, and Phoon, K.K. (Editors). (2011). Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Geotechnical Engineering for disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation, World Scientific, ISBN: 978-981-4365-15-4.
  • Leung, C.F., Chu, J., and Shen, R.F. (Editors). (2009). Ground Improvement Technologies and Case Histories, Research Publishing, ISBN: 981-08-3124-2.
  • Liu, H. L., Deng, A., and Chu, J. (Editors). (2008). Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation, Science Press, Beijing and Springer, ISBN: 978-3-504-79845-3.
  • Li, K. S., Lo, S-C. R. and Chu, J. (Editors). (2006). Geotechnical and Pavement Engineering – Selected Papers of Professor I. K. Lee. Centre for Research and Profession Development, Hong Kong.
  • Chu, J., Phoon, K. K. and Yong, K. Y. (Editors) (2005). Proceedings of the International Conference on Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation, World Scientific Publishing, ISBN: 981-256-469-1.
  • Indraratna, B. and Chu, J. (Editors) (2005). Ground Improvement – Case Histories, Elsevier, 1115p, ISBN: 0-080-44633-7.
  • Bo, M. W., Chu, J., Lo, B. K. and Choa, V. (2003). Soil Improvement: Prefabricated Vertical Drain Techniques, Thomson, 341pp. ISBN: 981-243-044-X.

Journal papers in recent years:


  • Wu*, C, Chu, J., Wu*, S.F., Cheng*, L. and van Paassen, L. (2019). “3D characterization of microbially induced carbonate precipitation in rock fracture and the resulted permeability reduction” Engineering Geology. Online Dec 2018, Vol. 249, Jan, 23-30.
  • Zhou, H., Liu, H, Yuan, J., and Chu, J. (2019). “Numerical simulation of XCC pile penetration in undrained clay.” Computers and Geomechanics, Vol. 106, Feb 2019, 18-41.
  • Wu*, C, Chu, J., Wu*, S.F., and Hong, Y. (2018). “Microbially induced calcite precipitation along a circular flow channel under a constant flow condition” Acta Geotechnica. Online 28 Oct 2018.
  • Cheng* L, Yang* Y, and Chu, J. (2018). “In-Situ Microbially Induced Ca2+-Alginate Polymeric Sealant for Seepage Control in Porous Materials”, Microbial Biotechnology, Online Oct.
  • Cheng* L., Shahin, M. and Chu, J. (2018). “Soil biocementation using a new one-phase low pH injection method”, Acta Geotechnica, Online 17 Oct 2018.
  • Ruan, S, Qiu, J., Weng, Y., Yang, Y., Yang, E.H., Chu, J., and Unluer, C. (2018). “The use of microbial induced carbonate precipitation in healing cracks within reactive magnesia cement-based blends”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 115, online Oct 2018.
  • Wu*, C, Chu, J., Wu*, S.F., and Guo, W. (2018). “Quantifying the permeability reduction of biogrouted rock fracture”, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, Nov 18.
  • Lam* K.P., Kou^, H.L, Xie*, B., Chu, J. and He*, J. (2018). “Use of a waste-based binder for high water content soil treatment” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 30, No. 8, online 26 May 2018.
  • Lam* K.P., Wu, S.F. and Chu, J. (2018). “Field trial of a membraneless vacuum preloading system for soft soil improvement” Ground Improvement – Proc of ICE, online 20 Jul 2018.
  • Zhou, H., Liu, H.L., Yin, F. and Chu, J. (2018). “Upper and lower bound solutions for pressure-controlled cylindrical and spherical cavity expansion in semi-infinite soil” Computers and Geotechnics, Vol. 103, 93-102.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J., Nie, W. (2018). “Design chart for the modified hyperbolic method.” Soils and Foundations, Online 1 Mar.
  • Xiang*, Y.Z., Liu, H.L., Zhang, W.G., Chu, J., Zhou, D. and Xiao, Y. (2018). “Application of transparent soil model test and DEM simulation in study of tunnel failure mechanism.” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, Vol. 74, 178-184.
  • Wu*, S., Li*, B., He*, J. and Chu, J. (2018). “Biogeotechnological methods for mitigation of liquefaction”, Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS & AGSSEA, Vol. 49 No. 1.
  • Choi^, S., Chu, J., Brown, R.C., Wang, K, and Wen, Z. (2017). “Sustainable biocement production via microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation: use of limestone and acetic acid derived from pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass.” ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 5187-5190. (SCI, IF = 5.951)
  • Sun, L, Guo*, W., Chu, J., Nie, W., Ren, Y., Yan, S, Hou, J. (2017) “A pilot test on a membraneless vacuum preloading method.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes Vol. 45, No. 3, 142-148.
  • Sun, L., Wang, L., Guo, W*., Yan, S.W., Chu, J., and Liu, X. (2017). “Case study on pile running during the driving process of large-diameter pipe piles”, Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, DOI: 10.1080/1064119X.2017.1386742.
  • Yin*, F., Xiao, Y., Liu, H., Zhou, H., and Chu, J. (2017). “Experimental investigation on the movement of soil and piles in transparent granular soils” Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Online, 23 Aug.
  • Naeimi*, M. and Chu, J. (2017). “Comparison of conventional and bio-treated methods as dust suppressants” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Online 24 Aug.
  • Sun, Q., Cai, Y., Chu, J., Dong, Q., and Wang, W. (2017). “Effect of variable confining pressure on cyclic behaviour of granular soil under triaxial tests”. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 53: 1–12.
  • Liu*, L., Liu, H., Xiao, Y., Chu, J. Xiao, P., Wang, Y. (2017). “Biocementation of calcareous sand using soluble calcium derived from calcareous sand.” Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. Online 25 Aug.
  • Choi^, S., Park, S.S., Wu, S.F., and Chu, J. (2017). “Methods for calcium carbonate content measurement of biocemented soils.” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 29, No. 11.
  • Kou^, H.L., Chu, J., Guo^, W., and Zhang, M. (2017). ”Pile load test of jacked open-ended PHC pipe pile in clay.” Geotechnical Engineering, Proceeding of ICE, Online, 18 Dec.
  • Sun, L., Meng, L., Guo^, W, Feng, X., Nie, W., Chu, J., and Hou, J.F. (2017). “Pilot tests on methods to form working platform on soft clay.” Geotechnical Engineering, Proceeding of ICE, Vol. 45, 142-148.
  • Zhou, H., Hua, J., Ding, X. and Chu, J. (2017). Theoretical model for the improved PCC pile using expansive concrete. Sci. China Technol. Sci. doi:10.1007/s11431-016-0250-3.
  • Guo*, W. and Chu, J. (2017). “New observational method for prediction of one-dimensional consolidation settlement”, Geotehnique, Vol. 67, No. 6, 516-522,
  • Guo,* W., Kou^, H., Zhou B., Nie W. and Chu J. (2017) “Simplified methods to analyze geosynthetic mattress resting on deformable foundation soil”, Marine Georesources & Geotechnology. Vol. 35, No. 3, 339-345, DOI: 10.1080/1064119X.2016.1168499
  • He*, J., Chu, J., Tan, S.K., Vu, T. and Lam., K.P. (2017). “Sedimentation behaviour of flocculant-treated soil slurry”, Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, Vol. 35, No. 5.
  • Chu, J. (2016). Innovation in Soil Improvement Methods, Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS & AGSSEA, Vol. 47 No. 4, 62-69.
  • Yan, S.W., Zhang, J., Chu, J., Guo^, W. and Huo, Z. (2016). “Analytical and experimental studies on installation of a suction caisson with tampered tip in clay”, Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, Online 31 May.
  • Choi^, S., Wang , K, and Chu, J. (2016) ”Properties of biocemented, fiber reinforced sand” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 120, Sept, 623-629.
  • He, J* and Chu, J. (2016). “Cementation of sand due to salt precipitation in drying process”, Marine Georesources and Geotechnology (online in Mar).
  • Bo, M.W., Choa, V., Chu, J., Arulrajah, A., Horpibulsuk, S. (2016). ”Laboratory invstigation on the compressibility of Singapore marine clays.” Marine Georesources and Geotechnology (online in Mar).
  • Xiao, Y., Yin, F., Liu, H., Chu, J., and Zhang, W. (2016). Model tests on soil movement during the installation of piles in transparent granular soil, International Journal of Geomechanics, ASCE, (online Sept).
  • Choi^, S., Wang, K., Wen, Z., and Chu, J. (2017). “Mortar crack repair using microbial induced calcite precipitation method.” Cement and Concrete Composites, doi: 10.1.016/j.cemconcomp.2017.07.013.
  • Guo*, W. and Chu, J. (2017). “New observational method for prediction of one-dimensional consolidation settlement”, Geotehnique, Vol. 67, No. 6, 516-522.
  • Zhou, H., Hua, J., Ding, X. and Chu, J. (2017). Theoretical model for the improved PCC pile using expansive concrete. Sci. China Technol. Sci. doi:10.1007/s11431-016-0250-3
  • He^, J, Chu, J, Wu^, S, and Peng, J. (2016) ”Mitigation of soil liquefaction using microbially induced desaturation”, Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A 17 (7), 577-588.
  • Naeimi*, M., Chu, J., Haddad, A. (2016). ”Comparison of chemical source and microbially produced ferrous cations for iron-based biocementation of sand. Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions of Civil Engineering.(SCI, IF=0.403).
  • Yan, S.W., Zhang, J., Chu, J., Guo, W. and Huo, Z. (2016). “Analytical and experimental studies on installation of a suction caisson with tampered tip in clay”, Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, Online 31 May.
  • He*, J., Chu, J., Tan, S.K., Vu, T. (2016). “Sedimentation behaviour of flocculant-treated soil slurry”, Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, In press.
  • Choi^, S., Wu*, S.F. and Chu, J. (2016) “Biocementation for sand using eggshell as calcium source”, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Eng, ASCE, (in press).
  • Guo,* W., Kou^, H., Zhou B., Nie W. and Chu J. (2016) “Analytical solutions of geosynthetic mattress resting on deformable foundation soil”, Marine Georesources & Geotechnology. DOI: 10.1080/1064119X.2016.1168499.
  • He, J* and Chu, J. (2016). “Cementation of sand due to salt precipitation in drying process”, Marine Georesources and Geotechnology, Online 30 Mar
  • Wang, J., Cai, Y.Q., Ma, J., Chu, J., Fu, H., Wang, P. and Jin, Y. (2016): “A New vacuum preloading method for improvement of dredged clay slurry fill.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Eng, ASCE, Vol. 142, No. 11, 1943-5606.
  • Kou^, H.L., Chu, J., Guo^, W., and Zhang, M.Y. (2016). “Field study of residual forces developed in pre-stressed high-strength concrete (PHC) pipe piles”, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 53: 1–12.
  • Guo*, W. Chu, J., Zhou, B. and Sun, L.Q. (2016). “Analysis of geomembrane whale due to liquid flow through composite liner”, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 44, No. 3, 247-253.
  • Guo*, W. and Chu, J. (2015) “Model tests and parametric studies of two-layer geomembrane tubes”, Geosynthetics International, online 21 Dec.
  • Guo^, W., Chu, J. and Kou, H.L. (2015). “Model tests of soil heave plug formation in suction caisson”, Geotechnical Engineering, Proceeding of ICE, London, Online 17 Nov.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J., Zhou, B. (2015). “Method to increase seam efficiency for woven geotextile materials”, Geosynthetics International, Vol. 22, No. 6, 404-410.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J. and Zhou, B. (2015). “Model tests on methods to improve dewatering efficiency for sludge-inflated geotextile tubes”, Geosynthetics International, Vol. 22, No. 5, 380-392.
  • Stabnikov^, V. Ivanov^, V., and Chu, J. (2015). “Construction Biotechnology: a new area of biotechnological research and applications” World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Online 1 June.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J. and Yan, S.W. (2015). “Simplified analytical solution for geosynthetic tube resting on deformable foundation soil” Geotextiles and Geomembranes (accepted).
  • Chu, J, Wanatowski*, D., Loke*, W.L., and Leong*, W.K. (2015). “Pre-failure instability of sand under dilatancy rate controlled conditions.” Soils and Foundations (accepted)
  • Chu, J, Wanatowski*, D., and He*, J. (2015). “Instability of Dilative Sand.” Geotechnical Research, Inst. Civil Engr.
  • Ding, X.M., Liu, H.L., and Chu, J. (2015). "Time-domain solution to transient dynamic response of a large-diameter thin-walled pipe pile” Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Vol. 14, No. 2, 239-251
  • Xin^, L., Chu, J, Wang, J.Y., Yin, K., Tong, H.H., Chia, C.Y.H., Noh, O.A.M. (2015). “Geophysical methods for the investigation of a closed dumping ground.” Geomechanics and Engineering: an international journal, Vol. 8, No. 5, 727-739
  • Xiao*, Y., Liu, H.L., Chen, Y., and Chu, J. (2014). “Influence of intermediate principal stress on the strength and dilatancy behavior of rockfill material.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, 10.1061 1943-5606.0001178, 04014064. Online 1 Nov 2014.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J., Nie W. and Yan, S.W. (2014). “ A simplified method for design of geosynthetic tubes”. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 42, No. 5, 321-427.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J., Yan, S.W., and Nie W. (2014). “Analysis of geosynthetic tubes inflated by liquid and consolidated soil”. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, online on 21 May 2014.
  • Chu, J. and Warantowski*, D. (2014). “Difficulties in the determination of post-liquefaction strength for sand” Geotechnique Letters, Vol. 4, No. 1, 57-61.
  • Xiao*, Y, Liu, H.L., Chen, Y, and Chu, J. (2014). “Strength and dilatancy of silty sand.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 140, No. 7, 06014007.
  • He*, J. and Chu, J. (2014). “Undrained shear strength of desaturated loose sand under monotonic shearing” Soils and Foundations, Vol 54, No. 4, 910-916.
  • He*, J. and Chu, J. (2014). “Undrained responses of microbially desaturated sand under static monotonic loading, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 140, No. 5, 04014003-1 to 8.
  • Ivanov^, V., Chu, J., Stabnikov^, V. And Li*, B. (2014) ‘’Strengthening of soft marine clay using bioencapsulation.” Marine Georesources and Geotechnology (online in Feb).
  • Chu, J., Indraratna, B., Yan, S.W. and Rujikiatkamjorn C. (2014). ‘’Overview of preloading methods for soil improvement.” Ground Improvement - Proceeding of ICE, London (online in Feb).
  • Chu, J., Ivanov^, V., Naeimi*, M., Stabnikov^, V. and Liu, H.L. (2014). ‘’Optimization of calcium-based bioclogging and biocementation of sand.” Acta Geotechnica, Vol. 9, No. 2, 277-285.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J., Yan S.W. and Nie, W. (2014). “Analytical Solution and Its Approximation in a closed-form format for geosynthetic tube resting on Rigid Foundation”. Geomechanics and Engineering: an international journal, in press.
  • Zhuang, Y., Wang, K.Y., Liu, H.L and Chu, J. (2013). “The contribution of the subsoil in a reinforced piled embankment.” European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Vol. 17, No. S1, s269-s281.
  • Stabnikov^, V., Chu, J., Myo^, A.N. and Ivanov^, V. (2013). "Immobilization of sand dust and associated pollutants using bioaggregation.” Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, Vol. 224, 1631-. Online on 24 Aug.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J. and Yan, S.W. (2013). “Recent studies of geosynthetic tubes and matterres: an overview”, Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS & AGSSEA, Vol. 44, No.4, 115-124.
  • Stabnikov^, V., Chu, J., Ivanov^, V. and Li*, Y. (2013). "Halotolerant, alkaliphilic urease-producing bacteria from different climate zones and their application for biocementation of sand, World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 29, No. 8, 1453-1460. online 26 Mar.
  • Ivanov^, V., Rezaeinejad, S., Chu, J. (2013). “Cell dualism: presence of cells with alternative membrane potentials in growing populations of bacteria and yeasts.” Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes, Online on 3 May.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J., Yan, S.W. and Nie, W. (2013). “Geosynthetic mattress: Analytical solution and verification.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 37, 74-80.
  • Chu, J., Ivanov^, V., Stabnikov^, V., and Li*, B. (2013). ”Microbial method for construction of aquaculture pond in sand.” Geotechnique, Vol. 63, No. 10, 871-875.
  • He*, J., Chu, J., and Ivanov^, V. (2013). ”Mitigation of liquefaction of saturated sand using biogas.” Geotechnique, Vol. 63, No. 4, 267-275.
  • Dejong, J.T. DeJong, J.T., Soga, K., Kavazanjian, E., Burns, S., van Paassen, L., Fragaszy, R., Al Qabany, A., Aydilek, A., Bang, S.S., Burbank, M., Caslake, L., Chen, C.Y., Cheng, X., Chu, J., Ciurli, S., Fauriel, S., Filet, A.E., Hamdan, N., Hata, T., Inagaki, Y., Jefferis, S., Kuo, M., Laloui, L., Larrahondo, J., Manning, D. Martinez, B., Mortensen, B., Nelson, D., Palomino, A., Renforth, P., Santamarina, J.C., Seagren, E.A., Tanyu, B., Tsesarsky, M. and Weaver, T. (2013). ‘’Biogeochemical processes and geotechnical applications: progress, opportunities and challenges.” Geotechnique, Vol. 63, No. 4, 287-301.
  • Chu, J., Yan, S.W., and Lam*, K.P. (2012). ”Methods for improvement of clay slurry or sewage sludge”, Ground Improvement – Proceedings of ICE, London, Vol. 165, No. 4, 187-199.
  • Ivanov^, V., Chu, J., and Stabnikov^, V. (2012). ”Iron- and calcium-based biogrouts for porous soils”, Construction Materials, ICE, London, Vol. 165, online on 15 Nov.
  • Chu, J., Stabnikov^, V., and Ivanov^, V. (2012). ‘’Microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation on surface or in the bulk of soil.” Geomicrobiology Journal, Vol. 29, No. 6, 544-549.
  • Chu, J., Leong*, W.K. Loke*, W.L., and Wanatowski*, D. (2012). “Instability of Loose Sand under Drained Conditions.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 138, No. 2, 207-216.
  • Chu, J., Ivanov^, V., Stabnikov^, V., He*, J., Li*, B., and Naemi*, M. (2012). “Biocement: green building and energy saving material”, Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 347-353, 4051-4054.
  • Gao, H., Chen, Y., Liu, H., Liu, J., Chu, J. (2012). “Creep behavior of EPS composite soil” Science in China Series E: Technological Sciences, Vol. 55, No. 11, 3070
  • Chu, J., Yan, S.W., Li, W. (2012). ‘’Innovative methods for dike construction – An overview.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 30, No. 2, 35-42.
  • Wanatowski*, D., and Chu, J. (2011). “Factors affecting pre-failure instability of sand under plane-strain conditions.” Geotechnique, Vol. 62, No. 2, 121-135.
  • Meng*, G.H. and Chu, J. (2011). “The strength anisotropy of a residual soil in Singapore.” Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS & AGSSEA, Vol. 42, No.4, 10-18.
  • Stabnikov^, V., Naeimi*, M., Ivanov^, V., and Chu, J. (2011). “Formation of water-impermeable crust on sand surface using biocement.” Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 41, 1143-1149.
  • Meng*, G.H. and Chu, J. (2011). “Shear strength properties of a residual soil in Singapore.” Soils and Foundations, Vol. 51, No. 4, 565-573.
  • Guo*, W., Chu, J. and Yan, S.W. (2011). “Effect of subgrade soil stiffness on the design of geosynthetic tube.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 29, No. 3, 277-284.
  • Wanatowski*, D and Chu, J. (2011). "Pre-failure instability behavior of sand in strain path testing under plane-strain conditions." Soils and Foundations, Vol. 51, No. 3, 423-435.
  • Chu, J. Guo*, W. and Yan, S.W. (2011). ‘’Geosynthetic tubes and geosynthetic mats: analyses and applications.” Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS & AGSSEA, Vol. 42, No.1, 56-65.
  • Lourenço, S.D.N., Wang, G.H., and Chu, J. (2011). ‘’Aspects of sand behaviour by modified constant shear drained tests.” Environmental Earth Sciences, Vol. 62, No. 4, 865-870.
  • Wanatowski*, D., Chu, J. and Loke*, W.L. (2010). “Drained instability of sand in plane strain.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 47, 400-412.
  • Yan, S.W. and Chu, J. (2010). “Construction of an offshore dike using slurry filled geotextile mats.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 28, No. 5, 422-433.
  • Yan, Y., Yan, S.-W., Qiu, C.-L., Chu, J. (2010). “Design and calculation methods of geotextile tubes filled with soil slurry.” Rock and Soil Mechanics, Vol. 31, No. 1, 327
  • Wanatowski*, D., Chu, J. and Lo, S-C. R. (2010). “New types of failure mechanisms for flowslide.” Geomechanics and Geoengineering: An International Journal, Vol.5, No. 1, 3 – 13.
  • Liu, H.L., Chu, J. and Ren Z.Y. (2009). “New methods for measuring the installation depth of prefabricated vertical drains.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 27, No. 6, 493-496.
  • Liu, H.L., Chu, J. and Deng, A. (2009). “Use of large diameter, cast-in-situ concrete pipe piles for embankment over soft clay.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 46, No. 8, 915–927.
  • Wanatowski*, D., Chu, J. and Gan*, C-L. (2009). “Compressibility of Changi sand in Ko consolidation.” Geomechanics and Engineering: An International Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3, 241-258.
  • Chu, J., Bo, M.W. and Arulrajah, A. (2009). “Soil improvement works for an offshore land reclamation project in Singapore.” Geotechnical Engineering, Proceeding of ICE, London, Vol. 162, GE1, 21-32.
  • Chu, J., Bo, M.W. and Arulrajah, A. (2009). “Reclamation of a slurry pond in Singapore.” Geotechnical Engineering, Proceeding of ICE, London, Vol. 162, GE1, 13-20.
  • Yan, S.W., Chu, J., Fan, Q.J. and Yan, Y. (2009). “Building a breakwater with prefabricated caissons on soft clay.” Geotechnical Engineering, Proceeding of ICE, London, Vol. 162, GE1, 3-12.
  • Arulrajah, A., Bo, M.W. and Chu, J. (2009). “Instrumentation at the Changi land reclamation project, Singapore.” Geotechnical Engineering, Proceeding of ICE, London, Vol. 162, GE1, 33-40.
  • Chu, J. and Wanatowski, D. (2009). “Effect of loading mode on strain softening and instability behavior of sand in plane-strain tests.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 135, No. 1, 108-120.
  • Liu, H.L. and Chu, J. (2009). “A new type of prefabricated vertical drain with improved properties.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 27, No. 2, 152-155.
  • Luo, T., Yao Y. P. and Chu, J. (2009). “Asymptotic state behaviour and its modeling for saturated sand.” Science in China Series E: Technological Sciences, Vol. 52, No. 8, 2350-.
  • Wanatowski*, D. and Chu, J. (2008). “Undrained behaviour of Changi sand in triaxial and plane-strain compression.” Geomechanics and Geoengineering: An International Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2, 85—96.
  • Wanatowski*, D., Chu, J., and Lo, S-C. R. (2008). “Strain softening behaviour of sand in strain path testing under plane-strain conditions", Acta Geotechnica, Springer, Vol. 3, No. 2, 90-114.
  • Wanatowski*, D. and Chu, J. (2008). “Effect of specimen preparation method on the stress-strain behavior of sand in plane-strain compression tests.” Geotechnical testing Journal, ASTM, Vol. 31, No. 4, 308-320.
  • Rujikiatkamjorn C., Indraratna, B. and Chu, J. (2008). ”2D and 3D Numerical Modeling of Combined Surcharge and Vacuum Preloading with Vertical Drains.” International Journal of Geomechanics, ASCE, Vol. 8, No. 2, 144-156. Excellent Paper Award from the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics.
  • Ivanov^, V. and Chu J. (2008). “Applications of microorganisms to geotechnical engineering for bioclogging and biocementation of soil in situ.” Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 139-153.
  • Chu, J. and Wanatowski*, D. (2008). “Instability conditions of loose sand in plane-strain.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 134, No. 1, 136-142.
  • Wanatowski*, D. and Chu, J. (2007). “Ko of sand measured by a plane-strain apparatus.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 44, 1006-1022.
  • Rujikiatkamjorn, C, Indraratna, B. and Chu, J. (2007). “Numerical modelling of soft soil stabilized by vertical drains, combining surcharge and vacuum preloading for a storage yard.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 44, No. 3, 326-342.
  • Wanatowski*, D. and Chu, J. (2007). “Drained behaviour of Changi sand in triaxial and plane-strain compression.” Geomechanics and Geoengineering: An International Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, 29-39.
  • Wanatowski*, D. and Chu, J. (2007). “Static liquefaction of sand in plane-strain.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 44, No. 3, 299-311.
  • Chu, J. and Yan, S.W. (2006). “Effective depth of vacuum preloading.” Lowland Technology International, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1-8.
  • Liu, H., Deng, A. and Chu, J. (2006). “Effect of different mixing ratios of polystyrene pre-puff beads and cement on the mechanical behaviour of lightweight fill.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 24, No. 6, 331-338.
  • Chu, J., Bo, M. W. and Choa, V. (2006). “Improvement of ultra-soft soil using prefabricated vertical drains.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 24, No. 6, 339-348.
  • Wanatowski*, D. and Chu, J. (2006). “Strain softening of sand under plane-strain conditions.” Acta Geotechnica, Vol. 1, No. 1, 29-42.
  • Chu, J. Yan, S. W. and Zheng, Y. R. (2006). “Three soil improvement methods and their applications to road construction.” Ground Improvement, Vol. 10, No. 3, 103-112.
  • Wanatowski*, D. and Chu, J. (2006). “Stress-strain behaviour of a granular fill measured by a new plane-strain apparatus.” Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2, 149-157.
  • Lim, T. T., Chu, J., and Goi*, M. H. (2006). “Effects of cement on redistribution of trace metals and dissolution of organics in sewage sludge and its inorganic waste-amended products” Waste Management, Vol. 26, No. 11, 1294-1304.
  • Lim, T. T. and Chu, J. (2006). “Assessment of the use of spent copper slag for land reclamation.” Waste Management and Research, Vol. 24, No. 1, 67-73.
  • Chu, J. and Yan, S. W. (2006). “Use of vacuum preloading for soil improvement.” Herald, International Applied Journal of Central Asian University, Natural and Engineering Sciences Series, Vol. 1, No. 1, 91-97.
  • Yan, S. W., Shu, Y. and Chu, J. (2005). “Analysis of a failed port slope and stabilization.” Transactions of Tianjin University, Vol. 11, No. 5, 381-385.
  • Yan, S. W. and Chu, J. (2005). “Soil improvement for a storage year using the combined vacuum and fill preloading method.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2094-1104.
  • Chu, J., Goi, M. H. and Lim, T. T. (2005). “Consolidation of cement treated sewage sludge using vertical drains.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 42, No. 2, 528-540.
  • Chu, J. and Yan, S. W. (2005). “Estimation of degree of consolidation for vacuum preloading projects.” International Journal of Geomechanics, ASCE, Vol. 5, No, 2, 158-165.
  • Yan, S. W. and Chu, J. (2004). “A new explosive method for soil improvement.” Geotechnical Engineering, Proceeding of ICE, London, Vol. 157, GE4, 259-265.
  • Lim, T. T., Chu, J., and Goi*, M. H. (2004). “Assessment of heavy metals leachability in clay-amended sewage sludge stabilized with cement for use as fill material.” Journal of Residuals Science & Technology, Vol. 1, No. 3, 157-164.
  • Zheng, Y. R., Chu, J., Lu, X. and Feng, Y. X. (2004). “Improvement of soft ground by dynamic compaction.” Geotechnical Engineering, Journal of Southeast Asian Geotechnical Society, Vol. 35, No. 1, 39-45.
  • Chu, J. and Gan*, C. L. (2004). “Effect of void ratio on K0 of loose sand”. Geotechnique, Vol. 54, No. 4, 285-288.
  • Chu, J., Bo, M. W., and Choa, V. (2004). “Practical considerations for using vertical drains in soil improvement projects.” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 22, 101-117.
  • Chu, J., Goh*, P. P., and Pek*, S. C. (2003). “Determination of OCR for old alluvium soil using direct simple shear tests”. Geotechnical Engineering, Journal of Southeast Asian Geotechnical Society, Vol. 34, August, 79-86.
  • Yan, S. W. and Chu, J. (2003). “Soil improvement for a road using the vacuum preloading method.” Ground Improvement, UK, Vol. 7, No. 4, 165-172.
  • Chu, J., Leroueil, S., and Leong*, W. K. (2003). “Unstable behaviour of sand and its implications for slope instability.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 40, 873-885. (R. M. Quigley Award from the Canadian Geotechnical Society for publishing the best paper in 2003 in the Canadian Geotechnical Journal.)
  • Chu, J. and Leong*, W. K. (2002). “Effect of fines on instability behaviour of loose sand.” Geotechnique, Vol. 52, No. 10, 751-755.
  • Leong*, W. K. and Chu, J. (2002). “Effect of undrained creep on instability behaviour of loose sand.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 39, 1399-1405.
  • Chu, J., Bo, M. W., Chang, M. F., and Choa, V. (2002). “The consolidation and permeability properties of Singapore marine clay.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, USA, Vol. 128, No. 9, 724-732.
  • Chu, J., Lim, T. T., and Goi*, M. H. (2002). "Potential use of stabilized sewage sludge for land reclamation." Journal of The Institution of Engineers, Singapore, Vol. 42, No. 6, 36-42.
  • Choa, V., Bo, M. W., and Chu, J. (2001). “Soil improvement works for Changi East reclamation project.” Ground Improvement, UK, Vol. 5, No. 4, 141-153.
  • Chu, J. and Leong*, W. K. (2001). "Pre-failure strain softening and pre-failure instability of sand: a comparative study." Geotechnique, UK, Vol. 51, No. 4, 311-321.
  • Chu, J., Yan, S. W., and Yang, H. (2000). "Soil improvement by vacuum preloading method for an oil storage station". Geotechnique, UK, Vol. 50, No. 6, 625-632.
  • Leong*, W. K., Chu, J., and Teh C. I. (2000). "Liquefaction and instability of a granular fill material." Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, Vol. 23, No, 2, 178-192.
  • Sharma, J. S., Chu, J., and Zhao, J. (1999). "An overview of the geological and geotechnical features of Singapore". Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, Vol. 14, No. 4, 419-431.
  • Anandarajah, A. and Chu, J. (1997). "Laboratory determination of shear strength parameters for marine clay." Journal of The Institution of Engineers, Singapore, Vol. 37, No. 3, 39-46.
  • Chu, J., and Xu, Z. H. (1996). "Strain path testing techniques and its application to the study of strain softening." Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, China, Vol. 18, No. 5, 46-51.
  • Chu, J, Lo, S-C. R., and Lee, I. K. (1996). "Strain softening and shear band formation of sand in multi-axial testing." Geotechnique, UK, Vol. 46, No. 1, 63-82.
  • Chu, J. (1995). "An experimental examination of the critical state and other similar concepts for granular soils." Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Canada, Vol. 32, No. 6, 1065-1075.
  • Chu, J. and Lo, S-C. R. (1994). "Asymptotic behaviour of a granular soil in strain path testing." Geotechnique, UK, Vol. 44, No. 1, 65-82.
  • Lo, S-C. R., Chu, J., and Lee, I. K. (1994). "Investigation of the strain-softening behaviour of granular soils with a new multiaxial cell." Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, USA, Vol. 17, No. 3, 325-336.
  • Chu, J., Chang, M. F., and Choa, V. (1994). "Advanced triaxial testing of soils and its engineering applications." Journal of The Institution of Engineers, Singapore, Vol. 34, No. 5, 27-33.
  • Chu, J., Lo, S-C. R., and Lee, I. K. (1993). "Instability of granular soils under strain path testing." Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, USA, Vol. 119, No. 5, 874-892.
  • Chu, J. and Lo, S-C. R. (1993). "On the measurement of critical state parameters of dense granular soils." Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, USA, 1993, Vol. 16, No. 1, 27-35.
  • Lo, S-C. R. and Chu, J. (1993). "One-test determination of the failure curve of a granular soil by strain path testing." Soils and Foundations, Japan, Vol. 33, No. 1, 176-181.
  • Chu, J., Lo, S-C. R., and Lee, I. K. (1992). "Strain softening behaviour of granular soil in strain path testing." Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, USA, Vol. 118, No. 2, 191-288.
  • Lo, S-C. R. and Chu, J. (1991). "The measurement of K0 by triaxial strain path testing." Soils and Foundations, Japan, Vol. 31, No. 2, 181-187.