Faculty Directory


Lim Teik Thye

Programme Director, B.Eng (Environmental Engineering)

Associate Professor for Environmental Engineering & Science
Office: N1-01b-47
Tel: (65) 6790-6933
Email: cttlim@ntu.edu.sg
Personal homepage: http://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/cttlim


  • B.Eng, University of Malaya, Malaysia, 1992
  • M.Eng (Geo-environmental Eng.), Nanyang Technological University, 1995
  • PhD. (Environmental Eng.), Nanyang Technological University, 1998

Current appointments

  • Program director, B.Eng (Environmental Eng.)
  • Chairman, School’s Academic Audit Committee
  • Member, School’s Curriculum Committee
  • Cluster leader, NEWRI – Environmental Chemistry & Materials Centre
  • Cluster leader, NEWRI - Residues & Resource Reclamation Centre

Career details

  • Associate professor, Nanyang Technological University, 2008 – present
  • Assistant professor, Nanyang Technological University, 2000 – 2008
  • Design engineer, BBR (S) Pte Ltd, Singapore, 1997 – 1999
  • Research/teaching assistant, Nanyang Technological University, 1992 – 1997

Professional memberships

  • Member, International Water Association (IWA)
  • Member, American Chemical Society (ACS)

  • Physico-chemical technologies for water and wastewater treatment
  • Environmental nanomaterials for water/air decontamination
  • Environmental catalysis
  • Waste-to-resources (energy and materials)

  • Enterprise Singapore Merit Award 2018 for contributions to the Singapore Standardisation Programme.
  • PhD co-advisor to the winner (Loo Siew Leng) of American Water Works Association's First Place 2017 Academic Achievement Award for the best Doctoral Dissertation.
  • Award for Best Paper 2013 (Environmental Technology) for the journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 2014.
  • Award for Top Cited Papers published in 2010 and 2011 (Applied Catalysis B Environmental, Elsevier), 2013.
  • Best Poster Award (poster presented by PhD student) at The International Conference of Engineering with Membranes 2013: Towards a Sustainable Future, 3rd to 9th September 2013, Saint-Pierre-d'Oleron, France.
  • Award for Top Cited Author 2007 – 2011 (Water Research, Elsevier), 2011.
  • PhD advisor to the winner (Goh K.H.) of the prestigious World Future Foundation PhD Prize in Environmental and Sustainability Research, 2010.
  • Project advisor and honoured as the most inspirational mentor to the recipient (Miss Soh Hui Ching) of the University Scholar Award, 2009.
  • Research Outstanding and Award Recognition award by NTU, 2006.
  • A former MEng student (Goh K.H.) was awarded Singapore Millennium Foundation’s PhD Fellowship for 2005-2009, 2005.
  • NTU-APBF Technology & Engineering Research Program - JC students’ project won 1st prize for Civil & Environmental Engineering, 2001.
  • Top student award for B.Eng (Civl), University of Malaya, 1992.
  • MAICE Annual Award, 1992.
  • University Subject Prize for Civil Engineering, 1992
  • University Book Prize, 1992.
  • University Senior Scholarship, 1990.


  • Stuetz R. and Lim T.T. (2006). Young Researchers 2006. Water and Environmental Management Series No 12, IWA Publishing, UK, 533 pages.

Book Chapters

  • Zhang Y., Lim T.T.* (2018). Chapter 12 Photodegradation of cytostatic drugs in low-pressure UV photoreactor through direct and indirect pathways. In Fate and Effects of Cytostatic Pharmaceuticals in the Environment. Eds. Heath E., Filipič M., Kosjek T., Isidori M. In press. Springer.
  • Han C., Ren B., Nadagouda M.N., Romanos G.E., Falaras P., Lim T.T., Sharma V.K., Johnson N., Fernández-Ibáñez P., Byrne J.A., Choi H., Fagan R., McCormack D.E., Pillai S.C., Zhao C., O’Shea K., and Dionysiou D.D.* (2017). Chapter 5 Nanotechnology Applications. In Nanotechnology Applications in Sustainable Water Technologies, Vol. 2. Ed. Chen D.H., Taylor & Francis/CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, pp. 105-143, ISBN 978-1-48221-510-6.
  • Chen Z.* and Lim T.T. (2016). Chapter 4 Nanostructured Catalytic and Adsorbent Materials for Water Remediation. In 50 years of Materials Science in Singapore. Eds. Boey F., Chowdari B.V.R., Venkatraman S.S. World Scientific Publishing Ltd., pp 75-111.
  • Lim T.T.* and Goei R. (2016). Chapter 5 Combined Photocatalysis-Separation Processes for Water Treatment using Hybrid Photocatalytic Membrane Reactors. In Photocatalysis: Applications. Eds. Dionysiou D. D., Li Puma G., J. Ye, Schneider J., Bahnemann D.. Royal Society of Chemistry, pp 130-156.
  • Lim, T.T.* and Yap P.S. (2016). Treatment of RO concentrate for enhanced water recovery from wastewater treatment plant effluent. In Handbook of Environmental Chemistry: Emerging Challenges in Wastewater Reuse: Contaminants, Treatment, Effects. Eds. D. Fatta-Kassinos, D.D. Dionysiou and K. Kümmerer. Springer. 45, pp. 247-268.
  • Lim T.T.*, Tay J.H., and Hung Y.T (2014). Chapter 14 Remediation of contaminated groundwater. In Handbook of Environmental and Waste Management: Vol 2 Land and Groundwater Pollution Control. Eds. Hung Y.T., Wang L.K., Shammas N.K.. World Scientific Publishing Ltd., pp 819-885.
  • Lim T.T.* and Zhu B.W. (2009). Chapter 14: Practical applications of bimetallic nanoiron particles for reductive dehalogenation of haloorganics: prospects and challenges. In Environmental Applications of Nanoscale and Microscale Reactive Metal Particles. Eds. K.M. Carvalho-Knighton and C. L. Geiger, ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 1027, American Chemical Society, USA, pp 245-261.
  • Chu J.* and Lim T.T. (2008). Use of sewage sludge and copper slag for land reclamation. Gootechnics of Waste Management and Remediation. Ed: M.L. Khire, A.N. Alshawabkeh, K.R. Reddy. ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication No. 177. pp. 352-359.
  • Feng J. and Lim T.T.* (2006). Dechlorination kinetics of carbon tetrachloride and chloroform with nano-scale Pd/Fe. In Young Researchers 2006, Water and Environmental Management Series No 12. Eds. R. Stuetz and T.T. Lim, IWA Publishing, London, UK, pp85-92.

Journal Papers (in SCI journals)


  • Veksha A.*, Giannis A., Yuan G., Tng J., Chan W.P., Chang V.W.C., Lisak G., Lim T.T.* (2019). Distribution and modeling of tar compounds produced during downdraft gasification of municipal solid waste. Renewable Energy. In press.
  • Chanaka Udayanga W.D., Veksha A., Giannis A., Lim T.T.* (2019). Pyrolysis derived char from municipal and industrial sludge: impact of organic decomposition and inorganic accumulation on the fuel characteristics of char. Waste Management 83, 131-141.
  • Oh W.D.*, Lim T.T.* (2019). Design and application of heterogeneous catalysts as peroxydisulfate activator for organics removal: An overview. Chemical Engineering Journal 358, 110-133.


  • Wu M.*, Chang B., Lim T.T., Oh W.D., Lei J., Mi J.* (2018). High-sulfur capacity and regenerable Zn-based sorbents derived from layered double hydroxide for hot coal gas desulfurization. Journal of Hazardous Materials 360, 391-401.
  • Chen X., Oh W.D., Lim T.T.* (2018). Graphene- and CNTs-based carbocatalysts in persulfates activation: material design and catalytic mechanisms. Chemical Engineering Journal 354, 941-976.
  • Bao Y.P., Oh W.D., Lim T.T.*, Wang R., Webster R.W., Hu X.* (2018). Surface-nucleated heterogeneous growth of zeolitic imidazolate framework-A unique precursor towards catalytic ceramic membranes: synthesis, characterization and organics degradation. Chemical Engineering Journal 353, 69-79.
  • Wu M.*, Shi L., Lim T.T., Veksha A., Yu F., Fan H., Mi J.* (2018). Ordered mesoporous Zn-based supported sorbent synthesized by a new method for high-efficiency desulfurization of hot coal gas. Chemical Engineering Journal 353, 273-287.
  • Oh W.D.*, Lei J., Veksha A., Giannis A., Chan W.P., Lisak G., Lim T.T.* (2018). Ni-Zn-based nanocomposite loaded on cordierite-mullite honeycomb for syngas desulfurization: Performance evaluation and regeneration studies. Chemical Engineering Journal 351, 230-239.
  • Oh W.D.*, Lisak G., Liang Y.N., Veksha A., Moo J.G.S., Giannis A., Lim J.W., Lim T.T.* (2018). Insights into the thermolytic transformation of lignocellulosic biomass waste to redox-active carbocatalyst: Durability of surface active sites. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 233, 120-129.
  • Chanaka Udayanga W.D., Veksha A., Giannis A., Lisak G., Chang V.W.C., Lim T.T.* (2018). Fate and distribution of heavy metals during thermal processing of sewage sludge. Fuel 226, 721–744.
  • Bao Y.P., Lim T.T., Goei R., Zhong Z., Wang R., Hu X.* (2018). One-step construction of heterostructured metal-organics@Bi2O3 with improved photoinduced charge transfer and enhanced activity in photocatalytic degradation of sulfamethoxazole under solar light irradiation. Chemosphere 205, 396-403.
  • Hu Z.-T.*, Liang Y.N., Zhao J., Zhang Y., Yang E.-H., Chen J., Lim T.T.* (2018). Ultra-effective integrated technologies for water disinfection with a novel 0D-2D-3D nanostructured rGO-AgNP/Bi2Fe4O9 composite. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 227, 548-556.
  • Bao Y.P., Lim T.T., Wang R., Webster R.D., Hu X.* (2018). Urea-assisted one-step synthesis of cobalt ferrite impregnated ceramic membrane for sulfamethoxazole degradation via peroxymonosulfate activation. Chemical Engineering Journal 343, 737-747.
  • Chen X., Oh W.D., Hu Z.T., Sun Y.M., Webster R.D., Li S.Z., Lim T.T.* (2018). Enhancing sulfacetamide degradation by peroxymonosulfate activation with N-doped graphene produced through delicately-controlled nitrogen functionalization via tweaking thermal annealing processes. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 225, 243–257.
  • Veksha A.*, Giannis A., Oh W.D., Chang V.W.C., Lisak G., Lim T.T.* (2018), Catalytic activities and resistance to HCl poisoning of Ni-based catalysts during steam reforming of naphthalene. Applied Catalysis A: General 557, 25-38.
  • Oh W.D.*, Lok L.W., Veksha A., Giannis A., Lim T.T.* (2018). Enhanced photocatalytic degradation of bisphenol A with Ag-decorated S-doped g-C3N4 under solar irradiation: Performance and mechanistic studies. Chemical Engineering Journal 333, 739-749.
  • Chaturabong P.*, Lim T.T., Wong Y.D. (2018). Effective surface treatment techniques for refinishing oil-stained road surface. Construction & Building Materials 159, 64-72.
  • Hu Z.T.*, Oh W.D., Liu Y., Yang E.H., Lim T.T.* (2018). Controllable mullite bismuth ferrite micro/nanostructures with multifarious catalytic activities for switchable/hybrid catalytic degradation processes. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 509, 502-514.
  • Oh W.D.*, Lei J., A. Veksha, A. Giannis, G. Lisak, V.W.C. Chang, X. Hu, Lim T.T. * (2018). Influence of surface morphology on the performance of nanostructured ZnO-loaded ceramic honeycomb for syngas desulfurization. Fuel 211C, 591-599.


  • Bao Y., Lim T.T., Zhong Z., Wang R., Hu X.* (2017). Acetic acid-assisted fabrication of hierarchical flower-like Bi2O3 for photocatalytic degradation of sulfamethoxazole and rhodamine B under solar irradiation. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 505(1) 489-499.
  • Chen B., Bi H., Ma Q. Tan C., Cheng H., Chen Y., He X., Sun L., Lim T.T., Huang L., Zhang H.* (2017). Preparation of graphene-MoS2 hybrid aerogels as multifunctional sorbents for water remediation. Science China Materials 60(11), 1102-1108.
  • Nie L, Liu G., Xie J., Lim T.T., Armatas G.S., Xu R., Zhang Q.* (2017). Syntheses, crystal structures, and photocatalytic properties of two ammonium-directed Ag−Sb−S complexes. Inorganic Chemistry Frontier 4, 954-959.
  • Zhang Y., Zhang J., Xiao Y., Chang V.W.C., Lim T.T.* (2017). Corrigendum to “Direct and indirect photodegradation pathways of cytostatic drugs under UV germicidal irradiation: process kinetics and influences of water matrix species and oxidant dosing”. Journal of Hazardous Materials 326, 237.
  • Oh W.D., Dong Z., Goei R., Lim T.T.* (2017). Surface-active bismuth ferrite as superior peroxymonosulfate activator for aqueous sulfamethoxazole removal: Performance, mechanism and quantification of sulfate radical. Journal of Hazardous Materials 325, 71-81.
  • Zhang Y., Zhang J., Xiao Y., Chang V.W.C., Lim T.T.* (2017). Direct and indirect photodegradation pathways of cytostatic drugs under UV germicidal irradiation: process kinetics and influences of water matrix species and oxidant dosing. Journal of Hazardous Materials 324, 481-488.
  • Oh W.D.*, Dong Z., Lim T.T. (2017). Hierarchically-structured Co–CuBi2O4and Cu–CuBi2O4 for sulfanilamide removal via peroxymonosulfate activation. Catalysis Today 280, 2-7.
  • Zhang Y., Xiao Y., Zhang J., Chang V.W.C., Lim T.T.* (2017). Degradation of cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil in water using UV and UV/H2O2: kinetics investigation, pathways and energetic analysis. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 5(1), 1133-1139.
  • Oh W.D.*, Chang V.W.C., Lim T.T.* (2017). A comprehensive performance evaluation of heterogeneous Bi2Fe4O9/peroxymonosulfate system for sulfamethoxazole degradation. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. In press. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8476-9.
  • Wu W., Huang Z.H., Hu Z.-T., He C., Lim T.T.* (2017). High performance duplex-structured SnO2 anode modified by SnO2-Sb-CNT composite for bisphenol A removal: Electrochemical oxidation enhanced by adsorption. Separation and Purification Technology 179, 25-35.
  • Oh W.D.*, Chang V.W.C., Hu Z.T., Goei R., Lim T.T.* (2017). Enhancing the catalytic activity of g-C3N4 through Me doping (Me = Cu, Co and Fe) for selective sulfathiazole degradation via redox-based advanced oxidation process. Chemical Engineering Journal 323, 260-269.


  • Kishor R., Ma Z., Sreejith S., Seah Y.P., Wang H., Ai Y., Wang Z., Lim T.T., Zheng Y.* (2017). Real time size-dependent particle segregation and detection in a surface acoustic wave-photoacoustic integrated microfluidic system. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 252, 568-576.
  • Zhang Y., Zhang J., Xiao Y., Chang V.W.C., Lim T.T.* (2016). Kinetic and mechanistic investigation of azathioprine degradation in water by UV, UV/H2O2 and UV/persulfate. Chemical Engineering Journal 302, 526–534.
  • Oh W.D., Dong Z., Lim T.T.* (2016). Generation of sulfate radical through heterogeneous catalysis for organic contaminants removal: Current development, challenges and prospects. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 194, 169–201.
  • Xiao Y., Zhang L., Zhang W., Lim K.Y., Webster R.D., Lim T.T.* (2016). Comparative evaluation of iodoacids removal by UV/persulfate and UV/H2O2 processes. Water Research 102, 629-639.
  • Wu W., Huang Z.H., Lim T.T.* (2016). A comparative study on electrochemical oxidation of bisphenol A by boron-doped diamond anode and modified SnO2-Sb anodes: influencing parameters and reaction pathways. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 4, 2807-2815.
  • Hu Z.T., Chen Z., Goei R., Wu W., Lim T.T.* (2016). Magnetically recyclable Bi/Fe-based hierarchical nanostructures via self-assembly for environmental decontamination. Nanoscale 8, 12736-12746.
  • Oh W.D., Lua S.K., Dong Z., Lim T.T.* (2016). Rational design of hierarchically−structured CuBi2O4 composites by deliberate manipulation of the nucleation and growth kinetics of CuBi2O4 for environmental applications. Nanoscale 8, 2046 – 2054.
  • Loo S.L., Krantz W.B., Hu X., Fane A.G.*, Lim T.T.* (2016). Impact of solution chemistry on the properties and bactericidal activity of silver nanoparticles decorated on superabsorbent cryogels. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 461, 104–113.
  • Nie L., Zhang Y., Xiong W., Lim T.T., Xu R., Yan Q., Zhang Q.* (2016). A surfactant-thermal method to prepare crystalline thioantimonate for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers 3 (1), 111-116.
  • Kishor R., Gao F., Sreejith S., Feng X., Seah Y.P., Wang Z., Stuparu M.C., Lim T.T., Chen X., Zheng Y.* (2016). Photoacoustic induced surface acoustic wave sensor for concurrent opto-mechanical microfluidic sensing of dyes and plasmonic nanoparticles. RSC Advances. 6 (55), 50238-50244.


  • Yu S., Liu J., Zhu W., Hu Z., Lim T.T., Yan X.* (2015). Facile room-temperature synthesis of carboxylated graphene oxide-copper sulfide nanocomposite with high photodegradation and disinfection activities under solar light irradiation. Scientific Reports 5, 16369. doi:10.1038/srep16369.
  • Hu Z.T., Lua S.K., Lim T.T.* (2015). Cuboid-like Bi2Fe4O9/Ag with graphene-wrapping tribrid composite with superior capability for environmental decontamination: Nanoscaled material design and visible-light-driven multifunctional catalyst. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 3 (11), pp. 2726-2736.
  • Oh W.D., Dong Z., Hu Z., Lim T.T.* (2015). A novel quasi-cubic CuFe2O4–Fe2O3 prepared at low temperature for enhanced oxidation of bisphenol A via peroxymonosulfate activation. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 3, 22208-22217.
  • Kishor R., Seah Y.P., Zheng Y.*, Xia H.M., Wang Z. F., Lu H. J., Lim T. T. (2015). Characterization of an acoustically coupled multilayered microfluidic platform on SAW substrate using mixing phenomena. Sensors & Actuators: A. Physical 233, 360-367.
  • Chen B., Ma Q., Tan C., Lim T.T., Huang L., Zhang H.* (2015). Carbon-based sorbents with three-dimensional architectures for water remediation. Small 11(27), 3319-3336.
  • Xiao Y., Zhang L., Yue J., Webster R.D., Lim T.T.* (2015). Kinetic modeling and energy efficiency of UV/H2O2 treatment of iodinated trihalomethanes. Water Research 75, 259-269.
  • Oh W.D., Lua S.K., Dong Z., Lim T.T.* (2015). Performance of magnetic activated carbon composite as peroxymonosulfate activator and regenerable adsorbent via sulfate radical-mediated oxidation processes. Journal of Hazardous Materials 284(2), 1-9.
  • Hu Z.T., Liu J., Yan X., Oh W.D., Lim T.T.* (2015). Low-temperature synthesis of graphene/Bi2Fe4O9 composite for synergistic adsorption-photocatalytic degradation of hydrophobic pollutant under solar irradiation. Chemical Engineering Journal 262, 1022–1032.
  • Hu Z.T., Lua S.K., Yan X., Lim T.T.* (2015). Nanostructured hexahedron of bismuth ferrite clusters: delicate synthesis processes and an efficient multiplex catalyst for organic pollutant degradation. RSC Advances 5, 86891–86900.
  • Wu W., Huang Z. Lim T.T.* (2015). Enhanced electrochemical oxidation of phenol using hydrophobic TiO2-NTs/SnO2-Sb-PTFE electrode prepared by pulse electrodeposition. RSC Advances 5, 32245-32255.
  • Oh W.D., Lua S.K., Dong Z., Lim T.T.* (2015). A novel three-dimensional spherical CuBi2O4 nanocolumn arrays with persulfate and peroxymonosulfate activation functionalities for 1H-benzotriazole removal. Nanoscale 7(17), 8149-8158.
  • Loo S.L., Krantz W.B., Fane A.G., Gao Y., Hu X.*, Lim T.T.* (2015). Effect of synthesis routes on the properties and bactericidal activity of cryogels incorporated with silver nanoparticles. RSC Advances 5(55), 44626-44635.
  • Lua S.K., Oh W.D., Zhang L.Z., Yao L., Lim T.T., Dong Z. (2015). A molybdovanadophosphate-based surfactant encapsulated heteropolyanion with multi-lamellar nano-structure for catalytic wet air oxidation of organic pollutant under ambient conditions. RSC Advances 5 (115), pp. 94743-94751.
  • Loo S.L., Krantz W.B., Fane A.G., Gao Y., Lim T.T.*, Hu X.* (2015). Bactericidal mechanisms revealed for rapid water disinfection by superabsorbent cryogels decorated with silver nanoparticles. Environmental Science & Technology 49(4), 2310-2318.
  • Loo S.L., Lim T.T., Krantz W.B., Fane A.G.*, Hu X. (2015). Potential evaluation and perspectives on using sponge-like superabsorbent cryogels for onsite water treatment in emergencies. Desalination and Water Treatment 53, 1506-1515.


  • Liu X.*, Du H.*, Wang P, Lim T.T., Sun X. (2014). A high-performance UV/visible photodetector of Cu2O/ZnO hybrid nanofilms on SWNTs-based flexible conducting substrates. Journal Mater. Chemistry C 2, 9536–9542.
  • Oh W.D., Lua S.K., Dong Z., Lim T.T.* (2014). High surface area DPA-hematite for efficient detoxification of bisphenol A via peroxymonosulfate activation. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2, 15836-15845.
  • Goei R., Lim T.T.* (2014). Ag-decorated TiO2 photocatalytic membrane with hierarchical architecture: photocatalytic and anti-bacterial activities. Water Research 59, 207–218.
  • Wu W., Huang Z. Lim T.T.* (2014). Recent development of mixed metal oxide anodes for electrochemical oxidation of organic pollutants in water. Applied Catalysis A: General 480, 58-78.
  • Goei R., Lim T.T.* (2014). Asymmetric TiO2 hybrid photocatalytic ceramic membrane with porosity gradient: Effect of structure directing agent on the resulting membranes architecture and performances. Ceramics International 40, 6747-6757.
  • Song J., Duan B., Wang C., Zhou J., Pu L., Fang Z., Wang P., Lim T.T., Duan H.* (2014). SERS-encoded nanogapped plasmonic nanoparticles: growth of metallic nanoshell by templating redox-active polymer brushes. Journal of American Chemical Society 136 (19), 6838–6841.
  • Xiao Y., Fan R., Zhang L., Yue J., Webster R.D., Lim T.T.* (2014). Photodegradation of iodinated trihalomethanes in aqueous solution by UV 254 irradiation. Water Research 49, 275-285.
  • Hu Z-T, Chen B., Lim T.T.* (2014). Single-crystalline Bi2Fe4O9 synthesized by low-temperature co-precipitation: Performance as photo- and Fenton catalysts. RSC Advances 4, 27820–27829.
  • Zhou T.*, Wu X., Mao J., Zhang Y., Lim T.T.* (2014). Rapid degradation of sulfonamides in a novel heterogeneous sonophotochemical magnetite-catalyzed Fenton-like (US/UV/Fe3O4/Oxalate) system. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 160-161, 325-334.


  • Loo S.L., Fane A.G., Lim T.T.*, Krantz W.B., Liang Y.N., Liu X., Hu X.* (2013). Superabsorbent cryogels decorated with silver nanoparticles as a novel water technology for point-of-use disinfection. Environmental Science & Technology 47 (16), 9363-9371.

    • Best paper 2013 of Environmental Science & Technology (Category: Environmental Technology)
    • Featured in Chemical & Engineering News, Issue Aug 26, 2013
    • Featured in Nature, Research Highlight (Vol 502, p145) as “The most viewed papers in science”
  • Fatta-Kassinos D.*, Lee Y.*, Lim T.T.*, Lima E.C.* (2013). Editorial, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 1(1-1), 1.
  • Wang X., Lim T.T.* (2013). Highly efficient and stable Ag-AgBr/TiO2 composites for destruction of E. coli under visible light irradiation. Water Research 47 (12), 4148-4158.
  • Goei R., Dong Z.L., Lim T.T.* (2013). High-permeability Pluronic-based TiO2 hybrid photocatalytic membrane with hierarchical porosity: fabrication, characterizations and performances. Chemical Engineering Journal 228, 1030–1039.
  • Zhou T.*, Wu X., Zhang Y., Li J., Lim T.T.* (2013). Synergistic catalytic degradation of antibiotic sulfamethazine in a heterogeneous sonophotolytic goethite/oxalate Fenton-like system. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 136– 137, 294–301.
  • Wang P., Tang Y., Dong Z., Chen Z., Lim T.T.* (2013). Ag–AgBr/TiO2/RGO nanocomposite for visible–light photocatalytic degradation of penicillin G. Journal Materials Chemistry A 1, 4718–4727.
  • Chen C. P., Wang P. H., Lim T.T., Liu L. H., Liu S. M., Xu R.* (2013). A facile synthesis of monodispersed hierarchical layered double hydroxide on silica spheres for efficient removal of pharmaceuticals from water. Journal Materials Chemistry A 1, 3877–3880.
  • Han Z., Chang V.W.*, Wang X., Lim T.T., Lynn H. (2013). Experimental study on visible-light induced photocatalytic oxidation of gaseous formaldehyde by polyester fiber supported photocatalysts. Chemical Engineering Journal 218, 9-18.
  • Loo S.L., Krantz W.B., Lim T.T., Fane A.G.*, Hu X.* (2013). Design and synthesis of ice-templated PSA cryogels for water purification: Towards tailored morphology and properties. Soft Matter 9(1), 224–234.
  • Wang P., Fane A. G., Lim T.T.* (2013). Evaluation of a submerged membrane vis–LED photoreactor (sMPR) for carbamazepine degradation and TiO2 separation. Chemical Engineering Journal 215-216, 240–251.


  • Wang X., Tang Y., Chen Z., Lim T.T.* (2012). Highly stable heterostructured Ag-AgBr/TiO2 composite: A bifunctional visible-light active photocatalyst for destruction of ibuprofen and bacteria. Journal Materials Chemistry 22(43), 23149-23158.
  • Hou D.X., Goei R., Wang X, Wang P., Lim T. T.* (2012). Preparation of carbon-sensitized and Fe-Er codoped TiO2 with response surface methodology for bisphenol A photocatalytic degradation under visible-light irradiation. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 126, 121-133.
  • Kim H.S., Kim T., Ahn J.Y., Hwang K.Y., Park J.Y., Lim T.T., Hwang I.* (2012). Aging characteristics and reactivity of two types of nanoscale zero-valent iron particles (FeBH and FeH2) in nitrate reduction. Chemical Engineering Journal 197, 16–23.
  • Loo S.L., Fane A.G.*, Krantz W.B., Lim T.T.* (2012). Emergency water supply: A review of potential technologies and selection criteria. Water Research 46, 3125-3151.

    • Listed as one of the top 25 hottest Water Research articles in 2012, 2013.
  • Yap P.S., Cheah Y.L., Srinivasan M., Lim T.T.* (2012). Bimodal N-doped P25-TiO2/AC composite: Preparation, characterization, physical stability, and synergistic adsorptive-solar photocatalytic removal of sulfamethazine. Applied Catalysis A: General 427–428, 125-136.
  • Yap P.S., Lim T.T.* (2012). Solar regeneration of powdered activated carbon impregnated with visible-light responsive photocatalyst: factors affecting performances and predictive model. Water Research 46, 3054-3064.
  • Wang P., Lim T.T.* (2012). Membrane vis-LED photoreactor for simultaneous penicillin G degradation and TiO2 separation. Water Research 46(6), 1825-1837.
  • Wang B., Wu H., Yu L. Xu R., Lim T.T., Lou X.W.* (2012). Template-free formation of uniform urchin-like -FeOOH hollow spheres with superior capability for water treatment. Advanced Materials 24(8), 1111-1116.
  • Tang Y., Wee P., Lai Y., Wang X., Gong D., Kanhere P.D., Lim T.T., Dong Z., Chen Z.* (2012). Hierarchical TiO2 Nanoflakes and nanoparticles hybrid structure for improved photocatalytic activity. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116 (4), 2772–2780.
  • Hou D., Feng L., Zhang J., Dong S.*, Zhou D., Lim T.T. (2012). Preparation, characterization and performance of a novel visible light responsive spherical activated carbon-supported and Er3+:YFeO3-doped TiO2 photocatalyst. Journal Hazardous Materials 199-200, 301-308.


  • Wang X., Tang Y, Leiw M.Y., Lim T.T.* (2011). Solvothermal synthesis of Fe-C codoped TiO2 nanoparticles for visible-light photocatalytic removal of emerging organic contaminants in water. Applied Catalysis A: General 409–410, 257– 266.
  • Wang P., Zhou T., Wang R., Lim T.T.* (2011). Carbon-sensitized and nitrogen-doped TiO2 for photocatalytic degradation of sulfanilamide under visible-light irradiation. Water Research 45, 5015-5026.
  • Gao B.*, Yap P.S., Lim T.M., Lim T.T.* (2011). Adsorption-photocatalytic degradation of acid red 88 by supported TiO2 : Effect of activated carbon support and aqueous anions. Chemical Engineering Journal 171, 1098-1107.
  • Wang X., Lim T.T.* (2011). Effect of hexamethylenetetramine on the visible-light photocatalytic activity of C-N codoped TiO2 for bisphenol A degradation; evaluation of photocatalytic mechanism and solution toxicity. Applied Catalysis A: General 399, 233-241.
  • Wang P., Yap P.S., Lim T.T.* (2011). C-N-S tridoped TiO2 for photocatalytic degradation of tetracycline under visible-light irradiation. Applied Catalysis A: General 399, 252–261.
  • Zhou T.*, Lim T.T.*, Wu X. (2011). Sonophotolytic degradation of azo dye reactive black 5 in a ultrasound/UV/ferric system and the roles of different organic ligands. Water Research 45(9), 2915-2924.
  • Yap P.S., Lim T.T.*, Srinivasan M. (2011). Nitrogen-doped TiO2/AC bi-functional composite prepared by two-stage calcination for enhanced synergistic removal of hydrophobic pollutant using solar irradiation. Catalysis Today 161, 46-52.
  • Zhou T., Lim T.T.*, Chin S.S., Fane A.G. (2011). Treatment of organics in reverse osmosis concentrate from a municipal wastewater reclamation plant: Feasibility test of advanced oxidation processes with/without pretreatment. Chemical Engineering Journal 166, 932-939.
  • Yap P.S., Lim T.T.* (2011) Effect of aqueous matrix species on synergistic removal of bisphenol-A under solar irradiation using nitrogen-doped TiO2/AC composite. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 101, 709–717.
  • Lim T.T.*, Yap P.S., Srinivasan M., Fane A.G. (2011). TiO2/AC composites for synergistic adsorption-photocatalysis processes: present challenges and further developments for water treatment and reclamation. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 41(13), 1173 - 1230.


  • Zhou T., Li Y., Lim T.T.* (2010). Catalytic hydrodechlorination of chlorophenols by Pd/Fe nanoparticles: Comparisons with other bimetallic systems, kinetics and mechanism. Separation and Purification Technology 76, 206–214.
  • Chua L.H.C.*, Lo E.Y.M., Shuy E.B., Robertson A.P., Lim T.T., Tan S.K. (2010). DOC and UVA attenuation with soil aquifer treatment in the saturated zone of an artificial coastal sandfill. Water Science & Technology 62(3), 491-500.
  • Wang X., Lim T.T.* (2010). Solvothermal synthesis of C-N codoped TiO2 and photocatalytic evaluation for bisphenol A degradation using a visible-light irradiated LED photoreactor. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 100, 355–364.

    • Won Top Cited Papers 2013 award by Applied Catalysis B Environmental.
  • Goh K.H., Lim T.T.* (2010). Influences of co-existing species on the sorption of toxic oxyanions from aqueous solution by nanocrystalline Mg/Al layered double hydroxide. Journal Hazardous Materials 180, 401-408.
  • Goh K.H., Lim T.T.*, Dong Z.L. (2010). Removal of arsenate from aqueous solution by nanocrystalline Mg/Al layered double hydroxide: sorption characteristics, prospects, and challenges. Water Science & Technology 61(6), 1411-1417.
  • Tang Y., Lai Y., Gong D., Goh K.H., Lim T.T., Dong Z.*, Chen Z.* (2010). Ultrafast synthesis of layered titanate microspherulite particles by electrochemical spark discharge spallation. Chemistry: A European Journal, 16, 7704-7708.
  • Goh K.H., Lim T.T.*, Banas A., Dong Z.L. (2010). Sorption characteristics and mechanisms of oxyanions and oxyhalides having different molecular properties on Mg/Al layered double hydroxide nanoparticles. Journal Hazardous Materials 179 (1-3), 818-827.
  • Yap P.S., Lim T.T.*, Lim M, Srinivasan M. (2010). Synthesis and characterization of nitrogen-doped TiO2/AC composite for the adsorption-photocatalytic degradation of aqueous bisphenol-A using solar light. Catalysis Today 151, 8–13.
  • Subagio D.P., Srinivasan M.*, Lim M, Lim T.T.* (2010). Photocatalytic degradation of Bisphenol-A by nitrogen-doped TiO2 hollow sphere in a vis-LED photoreactor. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 95, 414–422.
  • Gao B.*, Lim T.M., Subagio D.P., Lim T.T.* (2010). Zr-doped TiO2 for enhanced photocatalytic degradation of bisphenol A. Applied Catalysis A: General 375(1), 107-115.
  • Zhou T.*, Lu X., Lim T.T., Li Y., Wong F.S. (2010). Degradation of chlorophenols (CPs) in an Ultrasound irradiated Fenton like system at ambient circumstance: The QSPR (quantitative structure-property relationship) study. Chemical Engineering Journal 156(2), 347–352.
  • Zhou T.*, Lim T.T.*, Li Y., Lu X., and Wong F.S. (2010). The role and fate of EDTA in ultrasound-enhanced zero-valent iron / air system. Chemosphere 78, 576–582.


  • Chua L.H.C.*, Lo E.Y.M., Lim T.T., Robertson A.P., Shuy E.B. Tan S.K. (2009). Geochemical changes during recharge with tertiary-treated wastewater at a coastal sandfill. Water Science & Technology 60(5), 1273-1281.
  • Chua L.H.C.*, Leong M.C.M., Lo E.Y.M., Reinhard M., Robertson A.P., Lim T.T., Shuy E.B. Tan S.K. (2009). Controlled field studies on soil aquifer treatment in a constructed coastal sandfill. Water Science & Technology 60(5), 1283-1293.
  • Qian G.*, Chen W., Lim T.T. and Chui P. (2009). In-situ stabilization of Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd and Ni in the multi-contaminated sediments with ferrihydrite and apatite composite additives. Journal Hazardous Materials 170 (2-3), 1093-1100.
  • Zhou T.*, Lim T.T., Lu X., Li Y. and Wong F.S. (2009). Simultaneous degradation of 4CP and EDTA in a heterogeneous Ultrasound/Fenton like system at ambient circumstance. Separation and Purification Technology 68 (3), 367-374.
  • Lim T.T.* Goh K.H., Goei R. and Dong, Z.L. (2009). Mechanistic and thermodynamic studies of oxyanion sorption by various synthetic Mg/Al layered double hydroxides. Water Science & Technology 59(5), 1011-1017.
  • Goh K.H., Lim T.T.* and Dong, Z.L. (2009). Enhanced arsenic removal by hydrothermally treated nanocrystalline Mg/Al layered double hydroxide with nitrate intercalation. Environmental Science & Technology 43, 2537–2543.


  • Feng J., B.W. Zhu and Lim T.T.* (2008). Reduction of chlorinated methanes with nano-scale Fe particles: Effects of amphiphiles on the dechlorination reaction and two-parameter regression for kinetic prediction. Chemosphere 73, 1817–1823.
  • Lim T.T.* and Zhu B.W. (2008). Effects of anions on the kinetics and reactivity of nanoscale Pd/Fe in trichlorobenzene dechlorination. Chemosphere 73, 1471–1477.
  • Zhu B.W., Lim T.T.* and Feng J. (2008). Influences of amphiphiles on dechlorination of a trichlorobenzene by nanoscale Pd/Fe: Adsorption, reaction kinetics, and interfacial interactions. Environmental Science & Technology 42, 4513–4519.
  • Goh K.H., Lim T.T.* and Chui P.C. (2008). Evaluation of the effect of dosage, pH and contact time on high-dose phosphate inhibition for copper corrosion control using response surface methodology (RSM). Corrosion Science 50, 918–927.
  • Goh K.H., Lim T.T.* and Dong, Z.L. (2008). Application of layered double hydroxides for removal of oxyanions: a review. Water Research 42, 1343 – 1368.

    • Won Top Cited Author 2011 Award (by Water Research).

Before 2008

  • Chua L.H.C.*, Lo E.Y.M., Freyberg D.L.; Shuy E.B., Lim T.T., Tan S.K., and Mzila N. (2007). Hydrostratigraphy and geochemistry at a coastal sandfill in Singapore. Hydrogeology Journal 15, 1591–1604.
  • Zhu B.W. and Lim T.T.* (2007). Catalytic reduction of chlorobenzenes with Pd/Fe nanoparticles: reactive sites, catalyst stability, particle ageing and regeneration. Environmental Science & Technology 41, 7523-7529.
  • Lim T.T.*, and Huang X.F. (2007). Evaluation of hydrophobicity/oleophilicity of kapok and its performance in oily water filtration: comparison of raw and solvent-treated fibers. Industrial Crops and Products 26(2), 125–134.
  • Lim T.T.*, Feng J. and Zhu B.W. (2007). Kinetic and mechanistic examinations of reductive transformation pathways of brominated methanes with nano-scale Fe and Ni/Fe particles. Water Research 41, 875-883.
  • Feng J. and Lim T.T.* (2007). Iron-mediated reduction rates and pathways of halogenated methanes with nanoscale Pd/Fe: Analysis of linear free energy relationship. Chemosphere 66(9), 1765-1774.
  • Lim T.T.* and Huang X.F. (2007). Evaluation of kapok (Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.) as a natural hollow hydrophobic-oleophilic fibrous sorbent for oil spill cleanup. Chemosphere 66(5), 955-963.
  • Chua L.H.C.*, Robertson A.P., Yee W.K., Shuy E.B., Lo E.Y.M., Lim T.T., and Tan S.K. (2007). Use of fluorescein as a ground water tracer in brackish water aquifers. Ground Water 45 (1), 85-88.
  • Zhu B.W., Lim T.T.* and Feng J. (2006). Reductive dechlorination of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene with palladized nanoscale Fe0 particles supported on chitosan and silica. Chemosphere, 65(7), 1137-1145.
  • Lim T.T.* and Huang X.F. (2006). In-situ oil/water separation using hydrophobic-oleophilic fibrous wall: a lab-scale feasibility study for groundwater cleanup. Journal Hazardous Materials, B137, 820-826.

    • Featured in Technology Innovation News Survey, Technology Innovation and Field Services Division, USEPA, USA.
  • Lim T.T.*, Chu J., Goi M.H. (2006). Effects of cement on redistribution of trace metals and dissolution of organics in sewage sludge and its inorganic waste-amended products. Waste Management 26(11), 1294-1304.
  • Huang X.F. and Lim T.T.* (2006). The performance and mechanism of hydrophobic-oleophilic kapok filter for oil/water separation. Desalination 190, 295–307.
  • Lim T.T.* and Chu J. (2006). Assessment on the use of spent copper slag for land reclamation. Waste Management & Research 24, 67-73.
  • Feng J. and Lim T.T.* (2005). Pathways and kinetics of carbon tetrachloride and chloroform reductions by nano-scale Fe and Fe/Ni particles: comparison with commercial micro-scale Fe and Zn. Chemosphere 59(9), 1267-1277.
  • Chu J.*, Goi M.H., Lim T.T. (2005). Consolidation of cement treated sewage sludge using vertical drains. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 42(2), 528-540.
  • Goh K.H. and Lim T.T.* (2005). Arsenic extractability in a fine soil fraction and influence of various anions on its mobility in subsurface environment. Applied Geochemistry 20(2), 229-239.
  • Lim T.T.*, Chui P.C., Goh K.H. (2005). Process evaluation for optimization of EDTA use and recovery for heavy metal removal from a contaminated soil. Chemosphere 58(8), 1031-1040.
  • Lim T.T.* and Goh K.H. (2005). Selenium extractability from a contaminated fine soil fraction: implication on soil cleanup. Chemosphere 58(1), 91-101.
  • Lim T.T.*, Tay J.H., Tan L.C., Choa V., and Teh C.I. (2004). Changes in mobility and speciation of heavy metals in clay-amended incinerator fly ash. Environmental Geology 47(1), 1-10.
  • Goh K.H. and Lim T.T.* (2004). Geochemistry of inorganic arsenic and selenium in a tropical soil: effect of reaction time, pH, and competitive anions on arsenic and selenium adsorption. Chemosphere 55(6), 849-859.
  • Lim T.T.*, Tay J.H., and Wang J.Y. (2004). Chelating-agent enhanced heavy metal extraction from a contaminated acidic soil. Journal of Environmental Engineering, ASCE 130, 59-66.
  • Lim T.T.*, Chu J., and Goi M.H. (2004). Assessment of heavy metals leachability in clay-amended sewage sludge stabilized with cement for use as fill material. Journal of Residuals Science & Technology 1(3), 157-164.
  • Lim T.T.*, Tay J.H., and Teh C.I. (2002). Significance of aqueous cation composition on heavy metal mobility in a natural clay. Water Environment Research 74(4). pp. 346-53.
  • Lim T.T.*, Tay J.H., and Teh C.I. (2002). Contamination time effect on lead and cadmium fractionation in a tropical coastal clay. Journal of Environmental Quality 31 (3), 806-812.
  • Lim T.T.*, Tay J.H., and Teh C.I. (2001). Influence of metal loading on the mode of metal retention in a natural clay. Journal of Environmental Engineering, ASCE, 127( 6), 539-545.
  • Lim T.T., Tay J.H.*, and Teh C.I. (1997). Sorption and speciation of heavy metals from incinerator fly ash in a marine clay. Journal of Environmental Engineering, ASCE, 123(11), 1107-1115.
  • Lim T.T., Rahardjo H.*, Chang M.F., and Fredlund D.G. (1996). Effect of rainfall on matric suctions in a residual soil slope. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 33, 618-628.
  • Rahardjo H.*, Lim T.T., Chang M.F., and Fredlund D.G. (1995). Shear strength characteristics of a residual soil in Singapore. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 32, 60-77.